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UMAT test tactics and preparation part 3: UMAT questions involving percentages

What you need to know about percentage % questions before starting your UMAT preparation: 

 

Problems involving percent are common on the UMAT. The word percent means “divided by one hundred.”

When you see the word “percent,” or the symbol %, remember it means 1/100. For example,

 

25

Percent

 

25 x

1/100 =

1/4

 

To convert a decimal into a percent, move the decimal point two places to the right. For example,

 

0.25 = 25%

0.023 = 2.3%

1.3 = 130%

 

Conversely, to convert a percent into a decimal, move the decimal point two places to the left.   For example,

 

47% = .47

3.4% = .034

175% = 1.75

 

To convert a fraction into a percent, first change it into a decimal (by dividing the denominator [bottom] into the numerator [top]) and then move the decimal point two places to the right. For example,

 

7/8 = 0.875 = 87.5%

 

Conversely, to convert a percent into a fraction, first change it into a decimal and then change the decimal into a fraction. For example,

 

80%=.80 = 80/100 = 4/5

 

Following are the most common fractional equivalents of percents:

 

33.33% = 1/3

20% = 1/5

66.67% = 2/3

40% = 2/5

25% = 1/4

60% = 3/5

50% = 1/2

80% = 4/5

 


Sample UMAT percentage % problems with worked answers.

Percent problems often require you to translate a sentence into a mathematical equation.

 

Example 1:       What percent of 25 is 5?

 

(A) 10%       (B) 20%       (C) 30%        (D) 35%

 

Translate the sentence into a mathematical equation as follows:

 

What

percent

of

25

is

5

x

1/100

*

25

=

5

(25/100)x = 5

(1/4)x = 5

x=20

 The answer is (B).

 

Example 2:       2 is 10% of what number?

 

(A) 10          (B) 12         (C) 20          (D) 24

 

Translate the sentence into a mathematical equation as follows:

 

2

is

10

%

of

what number

2

=

10

1/100

*

x

2 = (10/100)x

2 = (1/10)x

20 = x

 The answer is (C).

 

Example 3:       What percent of is 3a ?

 

(A) 100%      (B) 150%     (C) 200%      (D) 300%

 

Translate the sentence into a mathematical equation as follows:

 

What

percent

of

a

is

3a

x

1/100

*

a

-

3a

(x/100)a = 3a

x/100 = 3

x= 300

 The answer is (D).

 

Example 4:       If there are 15 boys and 25 girls in a class, what percent of the class is boys?

 

(A)     15%

(B)     18%

(C)     25%

(D)     37.5%

 

The total number of students in the class is 15 + 25 = 40. Now, translate the main part of the sentence into a mathematical equation:

 

What

percent

of

the class

is

boys

x

1/100

*

40

=

15

(40/100)x = 15

(2/5)x   = 15

2x = 75

x = 37.5%

 The answer is (D).

 

Often you will need to find the percent of increase (or decrease). To find it, calculate the increase (or decrease) and divide it by the original amount:

 

Percent of change: (Amount of change/Original amount) xl00%

 

Example 5:       The population of a town was 12,000 in 1980 and 16,000 in 1990. What was the percent increase in the population of the town during this period?

 

(A)  33 1/3%

(B)  50%

(C)  75%

(D)  120%

 

The population increased from 12,000 to 16,000. Hence, the change in population was 4,000. Now, translate the main part of the sentence into a mathematical equation:

Percent of change:      (Amount of change/Original amount) * l00% =

(4000/12000) * l00%  =

                                                                                          1/3 * 100%          =   (by canceling 4000)

                                       =   33+1/3%

 The answer is (A).

 

For more UMAT preparation including UMAT practice courses and exams please visit the MedEntry website.

 

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